The world demand for the food will continue to increase according to growth rate of World population. Fertilizer plays a key role in food security. Fertilizer use to increase Global crop production and to maintain soil fertility which is essential and help to increasing food production. Major three Nutrients (N P & K) consumption is increasing @1.43 percent growth rate per annum, however world population growing @1.06 percent per annum. A long-term strategy is required for India, for fertilizer considering all these aspects: population growth, crop production & its demand and nutrient production and its demand according to population.